Industrial Products

Industrial Product Example

Industrial products are those intended for a business or commercial application as opposed to those intended for a direct consumer application. Examples include larger air compressors, refrigeration equipment, and even larger medical diagnostic equipment. They are sometimes described as electro-mechanical devices and have a wide variety of end-use applications.

The packaging for such devices and products will focus on the protective and utility functions to deal with the shock & vibration, temperature & humidity, and similar hazards of the distribution environment. The testing for such packages follows the functions as described below.

Package Functions Hazards & Sources Typical Test Procedures Typical Specs Westpak Capabilities
Impact/shock protection Shock related damage from manual or mechanical handling during storage, transportation, and installation Package freefall drop tests;
Rotational impact tests;
Horizontal or inclined impact tests
ASTM D5276
ASTM D3060
ASTM D3071
ASTM D5487


ASTM D4003
ASTM D5277
ASTM D5414
ASTM D6065
ASTM D6179
(8) drop testers

(3) complete systems

True Horizontal Impact Test System
Protection: Vibration attenuation Loosening of fasteners, fatigue cracking, scuffing, etc from vehicle-induced vibration Sinusoidal resonance search test;
Sinusoidal resonance dwell test;
Random vibration tests
ASTM D3580
IEC 60068-2-64
ASTM D1185
ASTM D4169
ASTM D4504
ASTM D5112
ASTM D4278
ASTM D5415
ASTM D5416
ASTM D5094
ASTM D5277
ASTM D7387
More than (12) different vibration test systems
Temperature and Humidity protection Temperature and humidity extremes in storage and distribution High temperature and humidity extremes;
Low temperature extremes
ASTM D4332 More than (60) different temperature & humidity test chambers
Utility: ability to stack the packages for better space utilization Top load compression from storage and from stacking in vehicles Compression test to failure
Compression test, max load and release

ISTA procedure 2 and similar
(4) complete container compression test systems
Utility: the ability to resist pressure differentials from high altitude shipment Lower atmospheric pressure characteristic of higher altitudes, above 5000 feet altitude by truck or in aircraft Expansion and over-pressurization of sealed compartments. ASTM D6653 (4) complete vacuum test chambers
Utility: stability of the package to resist tipping over Shipping and handling in the LTL (less than truckload) environment Tip test to determine if the package system can withstand a 22.5° tilt and return to its base after the tipping force is removed ASTM D6179
ASTM D6633
ASTM D6654
Complete stability test systems at all lab sites
Utility: forklift handling stability Most large industrial products are handled with forklifts. A sudden turn by the forklift driver can cause a load to rotate off of the forks and impact the floor or other surfaces. Fork stability course procedure. ASTM D1083
ASTM D5331
Complete forklift handling test courses at all lab sites
Industrial Product Packaging Example

By subjecting your product/package system to the above suggested test procedures, or others (ie, ASTM D4169 or the appropriate ISTA procedure), you will quickly determine the ability of the package system to perform its intended function in the anticipated distribution environment. Minor adjustments, major changes, or complete system overhaul can normally be accomplished quickly and easily at this point, prior to disappointing your customer with a damaged product upon delivery. No one's job in the Corporation is finished until your customer has a quality product and a satisfied look. This very simple concept is what we call quality delivered.

When considering a package test such as suggested above, remember that your package system will always be tested. The distribution environment will make sure of that. The only question to be answered is "who sees the results first, you or your customer?" A brief and cost effective package system evaluation prior to initial shipment is good policy regardless of your product.